The ceremony returned to Glasgow’s Barrowland Ballroom for the second time as it raised funds for Nordoff Robbins Music Therapy Charity.
The Outstanding Achievement in Music award went to Sir Rod, who also performed live at the ceremony.
Capaldi won the Raymond Weil Award for World Artist of the Year.
The Someone You Loved singer said the ceremony was an opportunity for him to receive his first-ever music award.
Her comeback song Forget Me catapulted itself to the top of the charts after its release in September.
Nutini was also recognized at the event as he won Best Album and Best Live accolades following a comeback after a four-year hiatus.
Gerry Cinnamon received the King Tut Songwriting Award on the evening.
Sandra Schembri, Managing Director of Nordoff Robbins, said: “What a fantastic evening at the Specsavers Scottish Music Awards.
“We are humbled by the Scottish music industry’s continued support of Nordoff Robins and grateful to all the winners and performers who have joined us at the Barrlowlands this year.
“Funds raised through SMAs will go directly towards our mission to continue to share the power of music as far as possible, helping people connect and communicate through music therapy.”
Other winners include Clare Grogan of new wave band Altered Images who took home the living legend award.
Social media star Rianne Downey received the breakthrough award, while Tamzene, who opened the show, took home the rising star award.
The View received the Special Recognition honour, while Wet Leg was named Best British Artist.
And Bros bassist turned record label boss Craig Logan has been honored with the Go Radio music industry award.
The 24th edition of the awards was hosted by Edith Bowman, presented in Scotland.
The charity Nordoff Robbins uses music to help people with life-limiting physical and mental illnesses, disabilities or feelings of isolation.